Nature of Angels and their duties according to Islam

Saturday, March 9, 2019 / 0 Comment(s)

Believe in the angels of Allah is a basic article of the Muslim faith; it is mentioned in Iman-e-Mufassil.

“I have faith in Allah and His angles, and His books and His messengers, and the day of judgement and that all good and bad fate is from Almighty Allah and it is sure that there will be resurrection after death.” (Translation of Iman-e-Mufassil)

Nature or existence of Angels in Islam:

In Arabic, angels are called “malaika” which means “to help.” As per Islam, the angels were created out of the light before the creation of the human beings. Angels don’t commit sins and are naturally obedient to Allah. They always follow the orders of Allah (SWT) and worship Him alone. Angels don’t need sleep, drink and food and are genderless. They don’t posses free will and so, they can’t disobey.

“O you who have believed, defend yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is people and stones, over which are [appointed] angels, harsh and severe; they do not disobey Allah in what He orders them but do what they are commanded.” (Quran 66:6).

Roles and duties of Angels according to Islam:

Roles of Angels in Islam:

Generally the angels have been created to obey Allah and worship Him alone.

“They celebrate His praises night and day, nor do they ever flag or intermit.” (Al Anbiya 21:20)

Duties of Angels in Islam:

Different angels perform distinct duties and functions. Some of the duties of the angels as per Islam are following;

  1. Glorification of Allah:

Then angels of Muqarrabun are responsible for the glorification of Allah.

  1. Blowing the trumpet:

Hazrat Israfeel (AS) in charge of the duty of blowing the trumpet to show that the day of judgement has arrived and the time of resurrection has come.

  1. Bringing the rain and sustenance:

Hazrat Meekaeel (AS) has the duty of bringing the rain and providing the sustenance to the people of Allah.

  1. Conveying the messages of Allah to His Prophets:

Hazrat Jibraeel (AS) has the duty of conveying the messages of Allah to His prophets.

  1. Grasping the soul:

Hazrat Izraeel (AS), the angel of death has been appointed to grasp the soul of humans from their body when the time of their departure from this world arrives. He is also known as “malk-ul-maut.”

  1. Keeping the records:

The two angels of Kiraman Katibin (honourable recorders) have the duty of keeping our records. The two angels are sitting on our shoulders and the one sitting at right side notes down the good deeds and the second one sitting on the left side writes the bad deeds. On the day of judgement, they will be witnesses of human activities during the time of reckoning.

  1. Questioning the men in grave:

The other two angels namely, munkir and nakeer ask questions in the grave about the belief and deeds of the person who just died.

  1. Protection of people:

There are some angels who are assigned the duty to protect the people.

“For each person, there are angels in succession, before and behind him. They guard him by the Command of Allah.” (Al Ra’d 13:11)

  1. Guardian of heaven:

Rizwan is the angel who serves as the guardian of heaven.

  1. Guardian of hell:

Malik is, who has the duty to be the guardian of hell.


Thus, according to Islam, angels have different pattern of existence and have specified duties performed by them as ordered by Allah.


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