Know about the fourth caliph of Islam – Hazrat Ali (RA)

Wednesday, February 27, 2019 / 0 Comment(s)

Hazrat Ali (RA) was born in around 600 AD. And belonged to the noble family of Quraish known as Banu Hashim. The father of Hazrat Ali (RA) was Abu Talib who was the real uncle of the Holy Prophet (SAWW). The name of Hazrat Ali’s (RA) mother was Fatimah bint Asad who was also from Banu Hashim. The patronymic name of Hazrat Ali (RA) was Abul Hassan and the Holy Prophet (SAWW) gave him another name i.e., Abu Turab; Hazrat Ali (RA) liked this name the most.

His valour and spirit:

Hazrat Ali (RA) was very brave and had high spirits to serve for Islam and obey Holy Prophet (SAWW). The night when the Holy Prophet (SAWW) was migrating to Madina. His house was surrounded by the non-Muslims who planned to assassinate the Holy Prophet (SAWW).

In those circumstances, Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) asked Hazrat Ali (RA) to sleep in his bed in order to betray the non-muslims. Hazrat Ali (RA) did accordingly and Holy Prophet (SAWW) left Makkah for migration to Madina. After handing over the trusts or deposits of the Makkans to Hazrat Ali (RA) in order to return them back.

Hazrat Ali (RA) showed great courage by laying in the bed of Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) at that night when non-muslims were ready to kill the one laying in the bed. However, upon finding Hazrat Ali (RA) in Hazrat Muhammad’s (SAWW) bed, people of Quraish left him and went to search the Holy Prophet (SAWW).

Life of Hazrat Ali (RA) in Madina:

After migrating to Madina from Makkah, changes took place in the life of Abu Turab. Hazrat Ali (RA) was very close to the Holy Prophet (SAWW) and their relationship of cousins changed into another strong relationship when Hazrat Ali (RA) married Hazrat Fatimah (RA), the most beloved daughter of Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW).

The sons of Hazrat Ali (RA) and Hazrat Fatimah (RA), namely, Hazrat Hassan (RA) and Hazrat Hussain (RA) were greatly loved by the Holy Prophet (SAWW) and the progeny of Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) continued through them. Moreover, Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) left Hazrat Ali (RA) as in charge of Madina when he went to the expedition of Tabuk in 9 AH.

The great scholar of Islam:

Hazrat Ali (RA) was also a great scholar. He was one of the greatest jurists and the Holy Prophet (SAWW) appointed him as the judge of Yemen in his life. He knew the Arabic language very well and his writings were also very great and effective.

The Holy Prophet (SAWW) remarked about him, “I am the city of knowledge and Ali is its gate.”

He became the fourth caliph of Islam:

After the martyrdom of Hazrat Usman (RA), the situation at Madina was not stable and for three days, it was without any government. On 21st Dhul-Hijjah, 35 AH bait took place at the hands of Hazrat Ali (RA) and he became the fourth caliph of Islam who had to deal with many problems arising among the Muslims.

Assassination of Hazrat Ali (RA):

The Khwarij planned to assassinate Hazrat Ali (RA) along with Amir Muawiyah and Amr ibn As (RA). Early hours of 17th Ramzan of 40 AH were fixed for this assassination. So, after the Fajr prayer, the three appointed men did as per the plan. Amir Muawiyah and Amr ibn As (RA) remained safe while Hazrat Ali (RA) was mortally wounded with the poisoned sword of Ibn Muljam, the appointed man of Khwarij. Hazrat Ali (RA) passed away in the evening of 20th Ramzan, 40 AH.

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